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World’s oldest perfumes were made 4000 years ago in Cyprus March 23, 2007

Posted by grhomeboy in Archaeology Cyprus.
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4000-year-old perfumes found on Aphrodite’s fabled island

The world’s oldest perfumes have been found on Cyprus by a team of archaeologists. The perfumes were scented with extracts of lavender, bay, rosemary, pine, or coriander and kept in tiny translucent alabaster bottles. The remaining traces found in Pyrgos, on the south of the island, are more than 4,000 years old.

The scents were discovered inside what archaeologists believe was an enormous 43,000-square-foot perfume-making factory. “We were astonished at how big the place was,” said Maria Rosa Belgiorno, the leader of the Italian archaeological team. “Perfumes must have been produced on an industrial scale.”

cypriot_perfumes1.jpg  Small amphorae used to store the Cypriot perfumes

At least 60 distilling stills, mixing bowls, funnels, and perfume bottles were found perfectly preserved at the site, which had been blanketed in earth after a violent earthquake around 1850 BC.

The abundance of perfumes fits well with Cyprus’s mythological status as the birthplace of Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty. “The goddess’s myth was strongly linked to the perfume she used to get what she wanted,” said Pavlos Flourentzos, Head of Cyprus’s Antiquities Department.

The finds are now on display at the Capitoline Museum in Rome. In addition, four of the perfumes have been recreated from residues found at the site.

cypriot_perfumes2.jpg  Fragments of ancient perfume jars found at Pyrgos, Cyprus

An Italian foundation, which aims to recreate antique traditions, distilled them according to techniques described by Pliny the Elder, by grinding the herbs, adding them to oil and water, then burying them in a small long-necked jug over hot embers for 12 hours.

“It smells good, but strong,” said Alessia Affinata, a visitor. “I can smell the pine especially,” said Giulia Occhi Villavecchia. Neither woman, however, was sure that they would actually wear them.

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